The brands, retailers and manufacturers should take responsibility for the working condition and
environment for the workers with fair and ethical standards. The following protocols are the basic
principles and rights at work to achieve ethical trading based on recommendation and derivation from
the International Labour Organization (ILO)
Several co-ordinated policies in the areas of necessary facilities, education, technical training
and innovation are needed.
By having a contextual analysis and supporting standards, we will achieve exponential changes and
growth in the business.
Gender-equality, Basic human rights, Differently-Abled employment, Abolition of Child labour,
Environmental responsibility, Coexistence and Tolerance of Diversity.
The existing gender imbalances at macro and micro levels have a significant
impact on society.
Giving a chance to all genders is economically significant as it results
beneficial to society as a whole. Eliminating gender disparity at all levels
in jobs and wages can have a sustained positive impact on economic growth.
Incorporating gender perspective in trade policy and implementation will
reduce the widening gap in job placements.
Minimum 40% of women with equal wages and working conditions in total
Improved working conditions, Accessible technical & Skill training,
Insurance & health benefits, accessible childcare services, Equal wages.
The fundamental rights like fairness, dignity, respect and equality and
freedom should comply in the working conditions.
Prohibition of forced labour / bonded labour, non-discrimination at work,
protection in the workplace, hazardous or unsafe working conditions, harsh
or inhumane treatment.
By the ILO convention C39 (1930) The Forced Labour Convention, C105 (1957)
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, C190 (2019) Violence & Harassment
Conventions, any form of racial, social, religious discrimination, abuse and
sexual harassment, forced labour extraction will have a consequence of
penalty and criminal conviction. These frameworks promote healthier and
mutual growth in the business.
Field compliance audits, Internal complaint committees, Anti-harassment
committee, Advisory body, Workers helpline all involving workers
We can integrate differently-abled people by acknowledging and incorporating
them into employment. By enhancing employment opportunities for them, even
in micro-level will increase awareness amongst society. The pro-active
initiation by everyone will ensure that differently-abled to be incorporated
in all government and private sector employment schemes. People with special
needs can perform all jobs by providing the right environment and
conditions. Several studies across all countries state that they experience
significantly lower employment in this sector which may lead to poverty. .
The United Nations, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
(CRPD) under Article 27 states that "Recognises the right of persons with
disabilities to work, on an equal basis with others, this includes the
opportunity to gain a living by work freely chosen or accepted in a labour
market and work environment that is open, inclusive and accessible to
persons with disabilities". It also prohibits all forms of discrimination
and prejudice, promotes training, among other benefits to encourage the
employment of differently-abled. .
Minimum 2% of differently-abled with appropriate supportive conditions in
the employment. .
Skill training, Linking of Volunteer support groups, flexible employment
contracts, Appropriate job allocation, transportation, Workers benefits. .
The product should be supplied and traded with human rights and standards.
But the laws in many countries do not always hold the same rules. In many
states, child labour is an accepted reality with unfavourable working
conditions and even slavery.
By offering realistic solutions such as refraining under-age employment will
not only help in terms of trade but also a chance for the children to get an
The United Nations General Assembly, Status of the Convention on the Rights
of the Child reports states that over 200 million children work in
unfavourable conditions which violate the child labour standards.
International Labour Organization, a specialised agency for the United
Nations, created checkpoints for Eliminating and Preventing Child Labour.
Currently, the retailers and buyers were concerned about whether their goods
produced by enforcement of child labour. By improving international
compliance with human rights and supporting ethical trade labelling, we can
combat against child labour.
Anyone under the age of 18 should not be hired for employment.
Countries which are the insufficiently developed economy are permitted
Lightwork from the 13 years. Participation in decent work which does not
affect health, education and personal development can be a positive
experience, and millions of young workers between 14 – 18 are in employment
around the world.
There is a massive demand for and utilisation and consumerism, which
increases production scale and adversely affects the environment.
The primary focus of the environmental policy by governments is to minimise
the environmental impact caused by businesses.
The protection and preservation of the environment and sustainable
development are the fundamental goals of WTO. It contributes by ensuring the
above targets through its rules and enforcement through WTO bodies. The WHO
estimates that around 90% of the total population breathes polluted air.
As humans, we are responsible for promoting economic development and also
sustainable development. To achieve this, we need to channel our energy and
focus in an environmentally accountable direction. The effects caused by
environmental pollution will not be borne only the creators but affects
society as a whole.
The regulated norms, compliance and policies for the relevant industry
imposed by the country.
Examples – Wastage management, effluent treatment, minimising the use of
chemicals, Green energy/ renewed energy transition.
For the past few decades, the management of cultural and religious diversity
has become a central narrative as there is a high rise in global
displacement and immigration.
With diversified globalisation and migration, we have minority groups in our
society. Businesses need talent workers belongs to diverse communities. By
adapting and embracing multicultural intergroups, we can utilise the talents
and reinvent ourselves with peaceful coexistence.
External social influences stigmatise people from various race, ethnic and
religion. Rather than evaluating, we should understand the concept of
Tolerance without any prejudice as it limits our ability to assess, create
and develop further.
Employment of Minority groups in different race /ethnic /religion to be
fulfilled minimum by 20% according to the relevant country.